Thyroid is not a disease, rather there is a small gland like butterfly in the lower part of our neck. All hormones produced by thyroid are called thyroid-hormones, which perform their function throughout the body, affecting growth and development. In childhood, they are very important for brain development.
Thyroid gland works by making two hormones called triodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Thyroid stimulating hormone – TSH controls both production and discharge of these hormones. TSH is produced in the pituitary and its secretion is controlled by thyroid releasing hormones or TRHs that are responsible for our body’s normal metabolism.
When the thyroid gland produces more or less hormones than the body requires, then thyroid problems arise because it worsens the balance of the functioning of the whole body. In addition, hormones are imbalanced due to the formation or inflammation of cancerous cells in the thyroid gland or autoimmune.
Extraordinary conditions of the thyroid:
• Hyperthyroidism: Hyper means more thyroid hormone production than required, this condition is mostly due to Graves Disease or more active than normal: Overactive thyroid nodule.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include tremors, nervousness, sharpness, palpitations, thin skin, irritability, fatigue, restlessness, increased abdominal movements, excessive sweating, problems concentrating, weight loss, etc.
Hyperthyroidism has been found to occur for a variety of reasons, such as Graves’ disease, toxic multinodular catarrh, excessive iodine-intake, etc.
• Gaiter: This type of thyroid inflammation may be harmless or maybe a result of iodine deficiency or may be related to thyroid inflammation called Hashimoto thyroiditis.
Thyroiditis: This type of thyroid inflammation usually comes from a viral infection or an autoimmune condition. It may be painful or it may not show symptoms.
• Hypothyroidism: Hypo means less, less thyroid hormone production. Thyroid damage caused by the autoimmune disease has been seen as the main cause of hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include fatigue, difficulty concentrating, dry skin, constipation, chills, body water congestion, muscle and joint pain, depression, including late or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Hypothyroidism has been found to occur for many reasons, such as Hoshimoto thyroiditis, thyroid hormone resistance, etc.
• Thyroid nodule: A small abnormal fluid or cob in the thyroid gland that is rarely formed. In some cases, cancerous. This can remove hormones that can cause hyperthyroidism or may not cause any symptoms.
• Thyroid Storm: This rarely seen form of hyperthyroidism causes excessive thyroid hormones, which cause serious illness.
• Graves’ disease: This is an autoimmune condition in which the thyroid becomes over-stimulated leading to hyperthyroidism.
• Thyroid cancer: It is a reducing type of cancer that is possible to cure, surgery, radiation, and hormone treatments are available.
• Anti-TPO antibodies test
• Thyroid ultrasound
• Thyroid scan: In this, small amounts of radioactive iodine are taken by mouth, and images of the thyroid gland are taken.
• Radioactive iodine is concentrated in the thyroid gland.
• Thyroid biopsy: In this, some amount of thyroid tissue is usually removed from the needle and it is usually checked to detect thyroid – cancer.
• Thyroid: Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
• Thyroid thyroxine or T4 and T3: These are the primary forms of thyroid hormones that are tested by blood tests.
• Thyroglobulins: Thyroid – Due to the excessive amount of this substance secreted by the thyroid, there is a possibility of cancer.
• Other imaging tests: CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans can be performed if thyroid cancer spreads.
Treatment of thyroid:
Thyroid surgery means thyroid dectomy: In this the entire gland or some part of it is removed: Thyroid – This is done in cancer, gout or hyperthyroidism.
Antithyroid Medications: In hyperthyroidism some medicines are given to reduce the production of thyroid hormone.
Radioactive iodine: The thyroid gland can be tested using radioactive iodine in a limited amount or by overeating it can even destroy the hyperactive gland and cancerous tissue.
Thyroid hormone pills: It contains some amount of thyroid hormone which is daily replenished by thyroid hormone which the body cannot produce on its own, that is, these pills are useful in hypothyroidism. They are also used to prevent thyroid cancer from coming back after treatment.
External radiation: High energy rays can be used to destroy thyroid cancer cells.
• Emphasize the doctor as to what and why the condition is (check which cause it is due to) and explain how long the treatment will last.
• Do not take any medicine from your mind and if you start benefiting from the medicines written by the doctor, do not stop the medicine on your own, thinking “I have recovered / gone”.
• Special precautions have to be taken by the pregnant women because thyroid disorders can affect the fetus very badly. If possible, instead of a normal doctor, get treatment with an endocrinologist (endocrinologist) who will get expertise in the glands of the body.
• Keep distance as far as possible from processed food (such as canned, ready-to-fly, ready-to-eat, etc.).
• Stay away from artificial routines, remove kitchen pollution, Water Proof Clothing, non-stick cookware, carpets, flame-resistant materials contain chemicals that can affect the hormones of the endocrine glands. Trichlocene of antibacterial soaps can also disrupt hormonal levels.
• Eat a balanced diet, eat mushrooms, sunflower-seeds, leguminous vegetables, oatmeal, spinach, lentils and lentils to increase the amount of selenium, a mineral useful for the glands, and increase vitamin D to keep thyroid function right. , Such as working in the sun, eat soybean products including orange-juice, milk and milk products.
• Drink plenty of water.
• To keep enough tyrosine in the body for the smooth functioning of thyroid hormones, for this, take milk, peas, pumpkin seeds, spleen seeds, bananas, soybeans.
• A variety of antioxidants help in thyroid functions for which jujube, carrots, spinach, parsley, citrus fruits, watermelon, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, whole grains increase the quantity and tea and vegetable-spices include celery, cumin, ginger, asafoetida, cinnamon, Be sure to add black pepper separately.
• Keep caffeine (tea-coffee) and artificial sugars (ie those used separately at home) as little as possible and keep thyroid tests regularly so that accurate treatment can be started immediately if anything happens up and down.
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